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Example sentences from the Web for cavalry The latter groups played a supporting role in the battlefield, by forming solid infantry lines or at times doubling up as screening medium cavalry.
What Is It Good For? Sir John French Cecil Chisholm. Even at this early time, cavalry used swords, shields, spears, and bows.
The sculpture implies two types of cavalry, but this might be a simplification by the artist. Later images of Assyrian cavalry show saddle cloths as primitive saddles, allowing each archer to control his own horse.
By the fourth century BC the Chinese during the Warring States period — BC began to use cavalry against rival states,  and by BC when Alexander the Great defeated the Persians the use of chariots in battle was obsolete in most nations; despite a few ineffective attempts to revive scythed chariots.
The last recorded use of chariots as a shock force in continental Europe was during the Battle of Telamon in BC.
Outside of mainland Europe, the southern Britons met Julius Caesar with chariots in 55 and 54 BC , but by the time of the Roman conquest of Britain a century later chariots were obsolete, even in Britannia.
During the classical Greek period cavalry were usually limited to those citizens who could afford expensive war-horses. Three types of cavalry became common: light cavalry, whose riders, armed with javelins , could harass and skirmish; heavy cavalry, whose troopers, using lances , had the ability to close in on their opponents; and finally those whose equipment allowed them to fight either on horseback or foot.
The role of horsemen did however remain secondary to that of the hoplites or heavy infantry who comprised the main strength of the citizen levies of the various city states.
Cavalry played a relatively minor role in ancient Greek city-states , with conflicts decided by massed armored infantry.
However, Thebes produced Pelopidas , their first great cavalry commander, whose tactics and skills were absorbed by Phillip II of Macedon when Phillip was a guest-hostage in Thebes.
Thessaly was widely known for producing competent cavalrymen,  and later experiences in wars both with and against the Persians taught the Greeks the value of cavalry in skirmishing and pursuit.
The Athenian author and soldier Xenophon in particular advocated the creation of a small but well-trained cavalry force; to that end, he wrote several manuals on horsemanship and cavalry operations.
The Macedonian Kingdom in the north, on the other hand, developed a strong cavalry force that culminated in the hetairoi Companion cavalry  of Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great.
In addition to these heavy cavalry, the Macedonian army also employed lighter horsemen  called prodromoi for scouting and screening, as well as the Macedonian pike phalanx and various kinds of light infantry.
There were also the Ippiko or "Horserider" , Greek "heavy" cavalry, armed with kontos or cavalry lance , and sword. These wore leather armour or mail plus a helmet.
They were medium rather than heavy cavalry, meaning that they were better suited to be scouts, skirmishers, and pursuers rather than front line fighters.
The effectiveness of this combination of cavalry and infantry helped to break enemy lines and was most dramatically demonstrated in Alexander's conquests of Persia , Bactria , and northwestern India.
The cavalry in the early Roman Republic remained the preserve of the wealthy landed class known as the equites —men who could afford the expense of maintaining a horse in addition to arms and armor heavier than those of the common legions.
Horses were provided by the Republic and could be withdrawn if neglected or misused, together with the status of being a cavalryman.
As the class grew to be more of a social elite instead of a functional property-based military grouping, the Romans began to employ Italian socii for filling the ranks of their cavalry.
The weakness of Roman cavalry was demonstrated by Hannibal Barca during the Second Punic War where he used his superior mounted forces to win several battles.
The most notable of these was the Battle of Cannae , where he inflicted a catastrophic defeat on the Romans. At about the same time the Romans began to recruit foreign auxiliary cavalry from among Gauls , Iberians , and Numidians , the last being highly valued as mounted skirmishers and scouts see Numidian cavalry.
Julius Caesar had a high opinion of his escort of Germanic mixed cavalry, giving rise to the Cohortes Equitatae. Early emperors maintained an ala of Batavian cavalry as their personal bodyguards until the unit was dismissed by Galba after the Batavian Rebellion.
For the most part, Roman cavalry during the early Republic functioned as an adjunct to the legionary infantry and formed only one-fifth of the standing force comprising a consular army.
Except in times of major mobilisation about 1, horsemen were maintained, with three hundred attached to each legion. On some occasions Roman cavalry also proved its ability to strike a decisive tactical blow against a weakened or unprepared enemy, such as the final charge at the Battle of Aquilonia.
After defeats such as the Battle of Carrhae , the Romans learned the importance of large cavalry formations from the Parthians. Nonetheless, the Romans would continue to rely mainly on their heavy infantry supported by auxiliary cavalry.
In the army of the late Roman Empire , cavalry played an increasingly important role. The Spatha , the classical sword throughout most of the 1st millennium was adopted as the standard model for the Empire's cavalry forces.
The most widespread employment of heavy cavalry at this time was found in the forces of the Iranian empires, the Parthians and their Persian Sasanian successors.
Both, but especially the former, were famed for the cataphract fully armored cavalry armed with lances even though the majority of their forces consisted of lighter horse archers.
The West first encountered this eastern heavy cavalry during the Hellenistic period with further intensive contacts during the eight centuries of the Roman—Persian Wars.
At first the Parthians' mobility greatly confounded the Romans, whose armoured close-order infantry proved unable to match the speed of the Parthians.
However, later the Romans would successfully adapt such heavy armor and cavalry tactics by creating their own units of cataphracts and clibanarii.
The decline of the Roman infrastructure made it more difficult to field large infantry forces, and during the 4th and 5th centuries cavalry began to take a more dominant role on the European battlefield, also in part made possible by the appearance of new, larger breeds of horses.
The replacement of the Roman saddle by variants on the Scythian model, with pommel and cantle,  was also a significant factor as was the adoption of stirrups and the concomitant increase in stability of the rider's seat.
Armored cataphracts began to be deployed in eastern Europe and the Near East, following the precedents established by Persian forces, as the main striking force of the armies in contrast to the earlier roles of cavalry as scouts, raiders, and outflankers.
The late-Roman cavalry tradition of organized units in a standing army differed fundamentally from the nobility of the Germanic invaders—individual warriors who could afford to provide their own horses and equipment.
While there was no direct linkage with these predecessors the early medieval knight also developed as a member of a social and martial elite, able to meet the considerable expenses required by his role from grants of land and other incomes.
Xiongnu , Tujue , Avars , Kipchaks , Khitans , Mongols , Don Cossacks and the various Turkic peoples are also examples of the horse-mounted groups that managed to gain substantial successes in military conflicts with settled agrarian and urban societies, due to their strategic and tactical mobility.
As European states began to assume the character of bureaucratic nation-states supporting professional standing armies, recruitment of these mounted warriors was undertaken in order to fill the strategic roles of scouts and raiders.
The best known instance of the continued employment of mounted tribal auxiliaries were the Cossack cavalry regiments of the Russian Empire.
In eastern Europe, Russia, and out onto the steppes , cavalry remained important much longer and dominated the scene of warfare until the early 17th century and even beyond, as the strategic mobility of cavalry was crucial for the semi-nomadic pastoralist lives that many steppe cultures led.
Tibetans also had a tradition of cavalry warfare, in several military engagements with the Chinese Tang dynasty — AD. Mongol mounted archer of Genghis Khan late 12th century.
Tatar vanguard in Eastern Europe 13th—14th centuries. Further east, the military history of China , specifically northern China , held a long tradition of intense military exchange between Han Chinese infantry forces of the settled dynastic empires and the mounted nomads or "barbarians" of the north.
The naval history of China was centered more to the south, where mountains, rivers, and large lakes necessitated the employment of a large and well-kept navy.
In BC, King Wuling of Zhao , the ruler of the former state of Jin , ordered his commanders and troops to adopt the trousers of the nomads as well as practice the nomads' form of mounted archery to hone their new cavalry skills.
The adoption of massed cavalry in China also broke the tradition of the chariot -riding Chinese aristocracy in battle, which had been in use since the ancient Shang Dynasty c — BC.
On many occasions the Chinese studied nomadic cavalry tactics and applied the lessons in creating their own potent cavalry forces, while in others they simply recruited the tribal horsemen wholesale into their armies; and in yet other cases nomadic empires proved eager to enlist Chinese infantry and engineering, as in the case of the Mongol Empire and its sinicized part, the Yuan Dynasty — The Chinese recognized early on during the Han Dynasty BC — AD that they were at a disadvantage in lacking the number of horses the northern nomadic peoples mustered in their armies.
Emperor Wu of Han r —87 BC went to war with the Dayuan for this reason, since the Dayuan were hoarding a massive amount of tall, strong, Central Asian bred horses in the Hellenized — Greek region of Fergana established slightly earlier by Alexander the Great.
Although experiencing some defeats early on in the campaign, Emperor Wu's war from BC to BC succeeded in gathering the prized tribute of horses from Fergana.
Cavalry tactics in China were enhanced by the invention of the saddle-attached stirrup by at least the 4th century, as the oldest reliable depiction of a rider with paired stirrups was found in a Jin Dynasty tomb of the year AD.
The horse warfare of Korea was first started during the ancient Korean kingdom Gojoseon. Since at least the 3rd century BC, there was influence of northern nomadic peoples and Yemaek peoples on Korean warfare.
By roughly the first century BC, the ancient kingdom of Buyeo also had mounted warriors. In the 12th century, Jurchen tribes began to violate the Goryeo—Jurchen borders, and eventually invaded Goryeo Korea.
After experiencing the invasion by the Jurchen, Korean general Yun Gwan realized that Goryeo lacked efficient cavalry units.
He reorganized the Goryeo military into a professional army that would contain decent and well-trained cavalry units.
In , the Jurchen were ultimately defeated, and surrendered to Yun Gwan. The ancient Japanese of the Kofun period also adopted cavalry and equine culture by the 5th century AD.
The emergence of the samurai aristocracy led to the development of armoured horse archers, themselves to develop into charging lancer cavalry as gunpowder weapons rendered bows obsolete.
An archer on a running horse shoots three special "turnip-headed" arrows successively at three wooden targets. This style of archery has its origins at the beginning of the Kamakura period.
Minamoto no Yoritomo became alarmed at the lack of archery skills his samurai had. He organized yabusame as a form of practice.
It is also performed in Samukawa and on the beach at Zushi, as well as other locations. In contrast to yabusame, the types of targets are various and the archer shoots without stopping the horse.
While yabusame has been played as a part of formal ceremonies, kasagake has developed as a game or practice of martial arts, focusing on technical elements of horse archery.
In the Indian subcontinent, cavalry played a major role from the Gupta Dynasty — period onwards. India has also the oldest evidence for the introduction of toe- stirrups.
Indian literature contains numerous references to the mounted warriors of the Central Asian horse nomads, notably the Sakas , Kambojas , Yavanas , Pahlavas and Paradas.
The Mahabharata , Ramayana , numerous Puranas and some foreign sources attest that the Kamboja cavalry frequently played role in ancient wars.
Ramachandra Dikshitar writes: "Both the Puranas and the epics agree that the horses of the Sindhu and Kamboja regions were of the finest breed, and that the services of the Kambojas as cavalry troopers were utilised in ancient wars".
The Mahabharata speaks of the esteemed cavalry of the Kambojas, Sakas, Yavanas and Tusharas , all of whom had participated in the Kurukshetra war under the supreme command of Kamboja ruler Sudakshin Kamboj.
Mahabharata and Vishnudharmottara Purana pay especial attention to the Kambojas, Yavansa, Gandharas etc. Herodotus c — c BC attests that the Gandarian mercenaries i.
The Kambojas were famous for their horses, as well as cavalrymen asva-yuddha-Kushalah. The Assakenoi had faced Alexander with 30, infantry, 20, cavalry and 30 war elephants.
As late as the mediaeval era, the Kamboja cavalry had also formed part of the Gurjara-Pratihara armed forces from the eighth to the 10th centuries AD.
They had come to Bengal with the Pratiharas when the latter conquered part of the province. Ancient Kambojas organised military sanghas and shrenis corporations to manage their political and military affairs, as Arthashastra of Kautiliya as well as the Mahabharata record.
They are described as Ayuddha-jivi or Shastr-opajivis nations-in-arms , which also means that the Kamboja cavalry offered its military services to other nations as well.
There are numerous references to Kambojas having been requisitioned as cavalry troopers in ancient wars by outside nations.
The Mughal armies lashkar were primarily a cavalry force. The elite corps were the ahadi who provided direct service to the Emperor and acted as guard cavalry.
Supplementary cavalry or dakhilis were recruited, equipped and paid by the central state. Many of these women were the wives of cavalry officers who had access to horses through their husband's line of work.
Mobile divisions might consist of either a cavalry brigade or an infantry brigade in buses and two mixed armoured brigades.
Clad in a military uniform and cavalry boots, he holds a medieval-style shield resting on a wingless dragon. It asserted that the infantry was the dominant arm, and that the other arms - the cavalry , artillery, and engineers - largely existed to act as their servants.
Pitched battles were usually decided by heavy cavalry , but since the royal gendarmerie was largely recruited from the nobility it was a scarce resource which had to be carefully husbanded.
Patrols by cavalry will be difficult, but by motor-car it can largely be carried out. From the Hansard archive.
Example from the Hansard archive. Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the Open Parliament Licence v3.
Collocations with cavalry. Click on a collocation to see more examples of it. See all collocations with cavalry.
Translations of cavalry in Chinese Traditional. Need a translator? Since cavalry came to be the mainstay of the political and military system of the Delhi sultans, horses were imported in large numbers beginning in the early years of the 13th century.
Earlier in the 12th century the Hindu kings also kept large standing armies that…. Cavalry , the backbone of the sultanate army, was thus severely crippled.
Good warhorses were extremely expensive; in the midth century an ordinary Central Asian steed cost silver tangas, an exceptional one silver tangas, while a fine Arabian or Persian racehorse cost as much….
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We are thankful for obscure words.troop - a cavalry unit corresponding to an infantry company. horse cavalry - an army unit mounted on horseback. mechanized cavalry - an armored unit of a modern army equipped with motor vehicles. cavalryman, trooper - a soldier mounted on horseback; "a cavalryman always takes good . Cavalry, military force mounted on horseback, formerly an important element in the armies of all major powers. When employed as part of a combined military formation, its main duties included observing and reporting information about the enemy, screening movements of its own force, pursuing and demoralizing a defeated enemy, maintaining a constant threat to an enemy’s rear area, striking suddenly at . noun, plural cav·al·ries. Military. the part of a military force composed of troops that serve on horseback. mounted soldiers collectively. the motorized, armored units of a military force organized for maximum . Getting Started. The attack was conducted entirely dismounted with cavalrymen acting as infantry, much like dragoons Jackpot Party Casino, and showed that MCG's could be flexible. A metal and enamel device one inch 2. Do it with Data. U.S. Cavalry offers a huge selection of tactical apparel and equipment for military and law enforcement professionals. Shop lebensmittel-eq.com today!. the part of a military force composed of troops that serve on horseback. Cavalry is for Motion Design, Generative Art, Character Animation, Data Visualisation, FUI, Visual Effects and much more. Cavalry is used to perform reconnaissance. The cavalry were brought in to support the mission. Recent Examples on the Web As the cavalry were usually one of the first branches to receive new firearms, Custer's men were all equipped with the new Springfield carbine and a Colt Single Action Army. Cavalry (from the French word cavalerie, itself derived from "cheval" meaning "horse") are soldiers or warriors who fight mounted on lebensmittel-eq.comy were historically the most mobile of the combat arms, operating as light cavalry in the roles of reconnaissance, screening and harassing in many armies, or as heavy cavalry for decisive shock attacks in other armies.